In the case of waterborne coatings, it is water that constitutes the diluent element, almost completely reducing the emissions of solvents and releasing almost exclusively water vapor into the environment.
Waterborne paints are also known as water-soluble and with low environmental impact, which is why their use is spreading lately.
The use of waterborne coatings reduces the VOCs emissions (Volatile Organic Compounds) into the environment, they are essentially very fine-grained powders, which are sometimes the main cause of allergies and skin irritations, compared to the use of solvent-borne paints. Furthermore waterborne coatings are odorless, non-flammable and of low toxicity.
They are also easy to use even when it is necessary to clean the tools used.